Each zodiac sign has a special glyph that is associated with their Sun Sign along with some fascinating mythology behind it. I am going to go through each one and it’s correlating glyph and myth.
The Aries horoscope symbol is the Ram, a sheep with large curving horns. The Aries sign symbol is usually depicted as a very simple graphic meant to resemble the head of the Ram.
The ram had originally been presented to Nephele by Mercury when her husband took a new wife, Ino, who persecuted Nephele’s children. To keep them safe, Nephele sent Phrixus and Helle away on the back of the magical ram, who flew away to the east. Helle fell off into the Hellespont (now the Dardanelles) between the Aegean Sea and the Sea of Marmara, but Phrixus safely made it to Colchis on the eastern shore of the Black Sea. Phrixus sacrificed the ram and presented the Golden Fleece to the king
The Taurus horoscope symbol is the head of the Bull with large curving horns. The Taurus sign symbol is usually depicted as a very simple graphic meant to resemble the head of the Bull.
According to myth, Taurus represents the bull-form taken on by Jupiter when he became enamored of Europa, princess of Phoenicia. The princess Europa was impressed by the beauty and gentleness of the bull, and the two played together on the beach. Eventually, Europa climbed onto the bull’s back, and he and he swam out to sea with her. He took her to Crete and revealed his true self.
The Gemini horoscope symbol is the Twins. The Gemini sign symbol is usually depicted as a very simple graphic meant to resemble the Roman numeral II to represent duality.
The twin brothers Castor and Pollux. Both were mothered by Leda, and were therefore brothers of Helen, but they had different fathers: In one night, Leda was made pregnant both by Jupiter in the form of a swan and by her husband, the king Tyndarus of Sparta. Pollux, as the son of a god, was immortal and was renowned for his strength, while his mortal brother Castor was famous for his skill with horses. Pollux was overcome with sorrow when his mortal brother died, and begged Jupiter to allow him to share his immortality. Jupiter, acknowledging the heroism of both brothers, consented and reunited the pair in the heavens.
The Cancer horoscope symbol is the Crab. The Crab sign symbol is usually depicted as a very simple graphic meant to resemble a sideways “69” to represent crab claws or a woman’s breast.
Cancer was the crab sent to harass Hercules while he was on his second labor. As he battled the Lernaean Hydra, the ever-jealous Juno sent Cancer to nip at the hero’s heels. The crab was eventually crushed beneath Hercules’s feet, but Juno placed it in the heavens as a reward for its faithful service.
The Leo horoscope symbol is the Lion. The Leo sign symbol is usually depicted as a very simple graphic meant to resemble a Lion and its mane and spine, in addition to two halves of a heart.
Leo represent the Nemean Lion, killed by Hercules during his first labor. According to myth, the Nemean lion had an impenetrable skin. Hercules got around this potentially serious obstacle by wrestling the lion and strangling it to death. He then removed one of its claws, and used it to skin the animal. From then on, Hercules wore the skin of the Nemean Lion as protection.
The Virgo horoscope symbol is the Maiden or Virgin. The Virgo sign symbol is usually depicted as a very simple graphic meant to resemble a Maiden carrying a shaft of wheat, in addition to the “M” glyph to represent intestines or virginity.
According to the ancient poets, the virgin is also sometimes known as Astraea. She lived on the earth during the Golden Age of man. Astraea was an invisible spirit whose province is justice. The emblem of her office was therefore the scales (Libra), which are seen next to Virgo in the sky.
The Libra horoscope symbol is the Scales. The Libra sign symbol is usually depicted as scales that are weighed in order to produce balance and harmony.
It represents the balance or scales, and is one of the oldest constellations. Although now associated with Virgo, a goddess of justice who had scales as the emblem of her office, it was once associated with the fall equinox. On that day, the days and nights are of equal length (i.e. the moon and the sun are in balance).
The Scorpio horoscope symbol is the Scorpion. The Scorpio sign symbol is usually depicted as the Scorpion and its stinger to insinuate Scorpio’s highly sexual nature. The Scorpio “M” glyph has a prolonged and pointy tail, revealing the Scorpion’s sting, unlike Virgo’s tail, which is curled in on itself.
The scorpion is generally believed to be responsible for the death of the great hunter Orion. According to some myths, the scorpion stung Orion in response to his boast that he could defeat any beast; according to others, it was sent by Apollo, who was concerned for his sister Diana’s continued chastity. In either case, Scorpius was placed in the opposite side of the sky from Orion so as to avoid any further conflict.
The Sagittarius horoscope symbol is the Centaur or Archer. The Sagittarius sign symbol is usually depicted as an arrow pointing upwards; Sagittarius is always aiming for a higher spiritual ideal and philosophy in life, in addition to embodying an optimistic attitude.
Most of the centaurs were regarded in myth as bestial–they were, after all, half horse. However, the ancient Greeks had a great deal of respect for the horse, and so were reluctant to make the centaurs entirely bad. In fact, Chiron was renowned for his gentleness. He was an excellent archer, musician, and physician, and tutored the likes of Achilles, Jason, and Hercules. Chiron, however, was accidentally shot and wounded by Hercules. The arrow, which had been dipped in the poison of the Lernaean Hydra, inflicted great suffering on Chiron–so great, in fact, that even the talented physician could not cure himself. In agony, but as an immortal unable to find release in death, Chiron instead offered himself as a substitute for Prometheus. The gods had punished Prometheus for giving fire to man by chaining him to a rock. Each day an eagle would devour his liver, and each night it would grow back. Jupiter, however, had at the request of Hercules agreed to release Prometheus if a suitable substitute could be found. Chiron gave up his immortality and went to Tartarus in place of Prometheus; in recognition of his goodness, Jupiter placed him in the stars.
The Capricorn horoscope symbol is the Sea Goat. The Capricorn sign symbol is usually depicted as the hoof of the mountain goat and the tail of a fish. As a grounded earth sign and a motivated cardinal sign, Capricorn is the zodiac’s workhorse, the sign known for making long-term plans, earning honors and awards, and achieving public image and critical acclaim. But with its magical, mermaid tail, Capricorn can also plunge to the deepest wells of the imagination and synthesize creativity with productivity.
Bacchus was feasting on the banks of the Nile at the time, and jumped into the river. The part of him that was below water was transformed into a fish, while his upper body became that of a goat. From this point of view, he saw that Typhoeus was attempting to tear Jupiter into pieces; he blew a shrill note on his pipes, and Typhoeus fled. Jupiter then placed the new shape of Bacchus in the heavens out of thanks for the rescue. Capricornus has therefore from antiquity been represented by a figure with the head and body of a goat and the tail of a fish.
The Aquarius horoscope symbol is the Water Bearer. The Aquarius sign symbol usually depicts the waves of water or electricity.
The water carrier represented by the zodiacal constellation Aquarius is Ganymede, a beautiful Phrygian youth. Ganymede was the son of Tros, king of Troy. While tending his father’s flocks on Mount Ida, Ganymede was spotted by Jupiter. The king of gods became enamored of the boy and flew down to the mountain in the form of a large bird, whisking Ganymede away to the heavens. Ever since, the boy has served as cupbearer to the gods.
The Pisces horoscope symbol is the Fish. The Pisces sign symbol usually depicts two fish swimming in opposite directions and connected by a cord.
The horrible earthborn giant Typhoeus suddenly appeared one day, startling all the gods into taking on different forms to flee. Jupiter, for instance, transformed himself into a ram; Mercury became an ibis; Apollo took on the shape of a crow; Diana hid herself as a cat; and Bacchus disguised himself as a goat. Venus and her son Cupid were bathing on the banks of the Euphrates River that day, and took on the shapes of a pair of fish to escape danger. Minerva later immortalized the event by placing the figures of two fish amongst the stars.